The wine

The wine : " The wine is obtained by the fermentation of the fresh grape juice. This operation is carried out in large vats and precedes the pressing. Depending on whether or not the grapes are left in the presence of the liquid, red or white wine is obtained...". From the first Petit Larousse Illustré, by Claude Augé in 1905. "Wine is the most sovereign liquor of all, being the main support and maintenance of human life. For it restores and regenerates the vital spirits and restores all the forces of the body, comforting and invigorating the main part of it which is the heart: but taken greedily and without reason, it is greatly harmful. Definition in old French from 1571, by Maurice de La Porte - Les Épithètes.The difference between the vinification of red wine and white wine is the omission of maceration in the latter. There are no tannins in white wine. Therefore it is more prone to oxidation. That's why a lot of inputs are brought in to protect it. Often, I hear women say, "White wine makes your head hurt." Ladies, try natural white wine (no inputs, just a little sulfur at bottling), it will make you taste white wine again!
My qualifications of the different wines

Vineyards of Chinon (Domaine Pascal Lambert in 2012)

Red wine with soft tannins: red wine whose tannins give a soft finish. Example: Beaujolais.

The red wine with hard tannins: red wine whose tannins give harshness at the end of the mouth. A good phenolic maturity will refine the tannins and balance the wine. Examples : cabernet-sauvignon, côt.

Red wine with fine tannins: red wine with hard but fine tannins. Examples: pinot-noir or red wines that are a few years old.

Patrick Baudoiun: winemaker on the Coteaux du Layon, one of the best winemakers for sweet wines.

Dry white wine: white wine with equal sugar and acidity.

In white wine, there are several types:

The nervous wine: leaves an acidity at the end of the mouth like that of a lemon. Example : the gros-plant of the Nantes region.

The semi-style white wine: a wine that is neither too light nor too powerful with a straight finish. Examples: Crozes-Hermitage by Laurent Combier, Menetou-Salon, Bordeaux entre-deux-mers.

The round and ample white wine: this wine is not nervous, but it is dry. Its finish is round and its middle is imposing. Examples: Burgundy whites such as meursault, corton-charlemagne, some mâcons and pouilly-fuissé.The flowery white wine: a dry wine but with an aromatic nose and a round finish. It can sometimes have a little residual sugar. Examples: gewurztraminer, muscat, pinot-gris.

Dry tender: semi-dry wine with residual sugar at the end. Examples: some vouvrays, and montlouis and some alsaces.

Sweet white wine: sweet white wine with a syrupy middle and a round finish full of fruits. Examples: Sauternes or Grains Nobles from Alsace.

The sweet white wine : white wine less sweet than the sweet wine but with a nice acidity. It is often associated with minerality. Examples: Coteaux du Layon, Jurançon and late harvest of Alsace.


Other wines: Vin jaune (or vin de voile): wine from the Jura, from the Savagnin grape variety, which has been aged for a long time without topping up (i.e. during the ageing process, the winemaker has not replaced the wine that has evaporated in the barrels). However, "a veil of yeasts born from exposure to air" is created naturally (33). This type of wine is generally powerful with an oxidative nose of nuts and spices. I recommend drinking it at 15°C with poultry or an old Comté cheese. Outside the Jura, it is called "vin de voile".

Rosé wine: out of 10 bottles sold in France, 7 are red, 2 are rosé and 1 is white. The rosé has been ahead of the white for more than a decade. Its grape variety is mostly red. Two vinification techniques by bleeding (short maceration between 9 and 36 hours) or by direct pressing (vinified as a white). The pink-salmon rosés are light, the grenadine rosés are more vinous and meal-like. Be careful with sulfur, which is the flaw in rosé wines. My favorites are the Bandol from Château Sainte-Anne, the Rosé d'un jour, from Marc Angély (Anjou), the Harmonie, from Domaine Pero Longo of Pierre Richarme (Corsica).

Agnès and Jacques Carroget winegrowers without sulphur in the Loire between Nantes and Angers

The natural sweet wine (VDN ): wine of aperitif or dessert to which one added, during the fermentation, an alcohol. The operation is called mutage. The most famous are the maury and the banyuls.

Vin de liqueur (VDL): wine for aperitif or dessert. Unlike natural sweet wine, alcohol is added to the grape juice (called must) before fermentation.

The best or the good wine: "the best wine is the one we like", says Christian Maurel, from the restaurant Le Coude à Coude, Paris1er. And the one I like trains my brain to look for complex and versatile scents. Then, it doesn't give me a headache or an upset stomach.

Always drink wine while eating in moderation.

In vino veritas

"The truth is in the wine" means: thanks to the absorption of wine, we speak more truth. I have another version, Wine is a driving force in the education of man. Wine educates you spiritually, it gives you rules in the act of drinking. No wine with soda, no wine with beer or other alcoholic drinks. Stop drinking when you have had too much. These principles, if followed, will embellish your distinguished side, but not only... Spiritual wine, whether natural or organic, is always pure. And this purity will educate your palate, titillate your neurons by always trying to find its aromas. Indeed, this type of wine will keep your brain alert. The proof: its complexity due to a vinification with indigenous yeasts will always change its aromas. Wine is the only alcoholic beverage that can tell you a story when it is prepared in a traditional way (with indigenous yeasts). .... You should consume it with responsibility and moderation.

This picture is more than 10 years old, in the old vineyards of Michel Augé near Blois

World wine consumption

With 760 litres drunk every second (meter), global wine consumption of wine is 240 million hectolitres (2015). The United States is the world's leading wine consumer (since 2012) ahead of France and Italy. France and Italy. China has become the leading consumer of red wine. red wine.

Tell me how and what you drink and I will tell you who you are.

Wine is a way of knowing about the psycology of the person: his open-mindedness, his eggo, the ability to listen to others, to recognise mistakes, etc. who will always drink wine from the same region and who will not and does not try other products will be a stubborn man and will have a narrow narrow and not open minded. I used to be a bit like that .... Now I am an acratopot: this old word of Greek origin means "drink only only pure wine". I am both demanding and benevolent with myself. myself ... When I am offered a wine that I cannot drink, out of politeness, I take only a small sip, but I refuse to drink more but I refuse to drink more for fear of making myself ill (I am allergic to I am allergic to the chemicals in wine).

In France, everyone thinks they know about wine and food, while the supermarkets are full of supermarkets full of industrial food and MacDonald's is still on the rise in my country. Mac do is still growing in my country. In Norway, people people recognise their mistakes. This has changed my life. When people didn't like the wine I was recommending, I always offered a little tasting. tasting to try it out ....99% of people said to me "you've people told me "you are right". Several people told me that Several people told me that Norwegians need to learn how to drink well. drinking.

Wine reveals the nobility of the soul. Could this be the reason why monks made it? Artisanal wine (without exogenous yeasts and pure during the vinification) is spiritual in style. That means that it always tells you a story after swallowing. And it always awakens both your palate and your spirit. As Paul Claudel said, "Wine is a teacher of taste, it is the liberator of the spirit and the illuminator of the intelligence.

Jczen April 2019


Jean Charles Botte

"Life has been given to us, our duty is to respect this gift and to be aware that we have responsibilities: not to poison ourselves, not to poison others and to respect all living things. JCzen Living in Norway, trained as a sommelier and cook, my philosophy is to love life. I have been writing about wine for 20 years, about life, about wellness. I am very happy when I receive messages of thanks like this one "Your site helps me a lot". My site does not make me money but if it helps people: I am very happy. I can tell you that daily meditation has changed my life; why not you?

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